Deutsches Zentrum Fuer Luft-Und Raumfahrt Ev (DLR)


Institute of Vehicle Concepts, Stuttgart (DLR-FK)

The Institute of Vehicle Concepts is a system institute with 50 employees, 38 of whom are scientists. The institute delivers contributions for a sustained development of technical systems for future vehicle generations on the road and rail. Contributions span from concept and feasibility studies, design, calculation and simulation up to the building-up of research demonstrators, vehicles, and components. The focus of the institute is on alternative power trains and energy conversion, fuels and energy storage, lightweight construction and hybrid structures as well as innovative vehicle systems and technology assessment. The integration of material, process, and design innovations is achieved based on the linkage within the DLR as well as with other research institutes.

Institute of Air Transport and Airport Research (DLR-FW)

Focus of research is to examine how both systems, air traffic and airports, evolve with time under certain conditions and how a desired status for either one can be achieved. To find answers to these questions, it is necessary to analyse current developments, to examine possible future developments of these systems, e.g. through simulation studies, to build software tools to help assessing conditions and avoid undesirable situations, to develop methods to manage airports efficiently, and to observe the effects of these measures. In order to pave the way for a sustainable transport system, the institute concentrates on innovative concepts and the use of new technologies in transport, the analysis and forecast of transport as well as its effects on the environment. The activities in the field of environmental assessment of transport take advantage of DLR’s work in the development of regional and global emission inventories, mathematical models and their application, as well as research on noise. The research goal is to develop long-term strategies and measures aiming at changes in infrastructure or new regulations for the air transport system as a whole.


Key Personnel


  • Dr. Stephan A. Schmid

    Dr. Stephan A. Schmid is head of the department ‘Vehicle Systems and Technology Assessment’ at DLR-FK. He is also lecturer at the University of Applied Sciences Kufstein for ‘Sustainable Mobility and Vehicle Technologies’. He is expert for future mobility, road vehicle scenarios and the techno-economic assessment of CO2-reducing transport technologies and alternative fuels. Prior to his engagement with DLR, he was working as a senior expert in external costs of transport at the Institute of Energy Economics and the Rational Use of Energy (IER) at the University of Stuttgart. He worked on policy analysis in a number of European research projects e.g. ‘External costs of energy’ (ExternE), ‘ExternE Core Transport’, ‘Real Cost Reduction of Door-to-Door Intermodal Transport’ (RECORDIT), ‘Unification of accounts and marginal costs for transport efficiency’ (UNITE).

  • Ralf Berghof

    Ralf Berghof is holding a Master in Political Science and a Master in Public Administration. Since 1988 he works as researcher at DLR. He has been involved in numerous international studies and projects related to transportation, concentrating on the assessment of policy options, scenarios and sustainability of aviation. He is member of ICAO-CAEP FESG and EUROCONTROL Performance Review Commissioner. He is also deputy head of the DLR Institute of Air Transport and Airport Research.

  • Dr. Peter Berster

    Dr. Peter Berster joined DLR in 1992 and has particular expertise in the analysis of air transport demand and supply, modal usage of business travellers under consideration of regional air transport services, constraints at international airports and low-cost carrier developments From 1996 to 1998, Peter participated in the European Commission funded research project “COST 318 – Interactions between High Speed Rail and Air Passenger Transport”. Peter’s participation in the project concentrated on questions regarding estimating the effects of modal shifts due new high speed rail services in Europe. His project experience includes forecasting, planning, strategic and policy advice for transport ministries, air transport service providers and airports. Peter is also managing work for the German railway operator Deutsche Bahn to estimate the shift of origin-destination demand between air and rail transport on competitive high-speed routes.

  • Wolfgang Grimme

    Wolfgang Grimme graduated in December 2004 from the University of Giessen with a Master’s degree in business administration focussing on transport management and international management. He joined DLR in February 2005 and has since then focussed in his work on regulatory policy issues in air transport, impact analysis of political measures on the air transport system, environmental economics and intra- & intermodal competition. In 2005, within the study of assessment of the White Paper “A time to decide” (ASSESS), he conducted a qualitative assessment of EU air transport policy. In 2006, he led the German country team, studying the impact of the high speed rail link between Cologne and Frankfurt on air transport demand. Additionally, he co-authored numerous papers and refereed journal articles on impacts of the inclusion of aviation into the EU emission trading scheme for greenhouse gases and is a co-author of several reports provided by DLR for DG TREN in the course of the contract for the air transport market observatory 2008-2010.

  • Michael Hepting

    He was born in 1971. Michael has a degree in transport planning and traffic engineering (Technical University of Berlin, Germany), joined DLR in 2002. His research topics include analyses and modelling of air transport demand, analyses and development of political measures and concepts in air transport and scenarios on future trends in mobility, especially concerning air transport emissions.